Volume 1, Issue 2, July 2016, Page: 51-57
Effect of Land Use Land Cover Changes on the Forest Resources of Ethiopia
Solomon Melaku Melese, Department of Forestry, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Received: May 18, 2016;       Accepted: May 31, 2016;       Published: Jul. 28, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160102.16      View  4498      Downloads  538
Land cover change refers to modification of the existing land cover or complete conversion of the land cover to a new cover type. Most of these studies identified that deforestation and expansion of cultivation land in to marginal areas were the principal cause of land degradation. Change in land use and land cover may result in land degradation that manifests itself in many ways depending on the magnitude of changes. All of these manifestations have potentially severe impacts on land users and people who rely for their living on the products from a healthy Landscape. This alteration of LULC type coupled with poor land management practice in the region resulted in exposing of land for erosion hazard, which was later turned to accelerated land degradation. All the factors of deforestation such as the prevalence of various types of agricultural activities, fire wood and charcoal production, cutting trees to fulfill the demand of constructional materials, settlement expansion and income generation are directly or indirectly related to population growth and new settlements. The absence of applicable forest policy is cited as a contributing factor for deforestation in different parts ofthe world including Ethiopia.
Land, Deforestation, Resources
To cite this article
Solomon Melaku Melese, Effect of Land Use Land Cover Changes on the Forest Resources of Ethiopia, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160102.16
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Allen, J. C. and Barnes, D. F. 1985. The Causes of Deforestation in Developing Countries. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 75.
Amare B. 1996. Land Use Dynamic, Land Cover Change and Conflict in the Simen Mountain National Parks and its Environs, North Gonder. MSc thesis. Department of Geography, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Bedru Sherefa Muzein 2006. Remote Sensing & GIS for Land Cover/ Land Use Change Detection and Analysis in the Semi-Natural Ecosystems and Agriculture Landscapes of the Central Ethiopian Rift Valley. Doctoral Dissertation. Dresden, Germany
Belay Tegene. 2002. Land cover/ use changes in the Derekolli catchment of the South Welo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review 18 (1): 1-20.
Boakye. E, S. N. Odai, K. A. Adjei and F. O. Annor. 2008. Landsat Images for Assessment of the Impact of Land Use and Land Cover Changes on the Barekese Catchment in Ghana. European Journal of Scientific Research ISSN 1450-216X Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 269-278 Euro Journals Publishing, Inc.
De Moraes, J. F. L., Seyler, F., Cerri, C. C. and Volkoff, B. 1998. Land cover mapping and carbon pools estimates in Rondonia, Brazil. int.j.remote sensing, Vol. 19, no. 5, 921- 934
De Sherbinin, A. 2002. Land-Use and Land-Cover Change, A CIESIN Thematic Guide. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) of Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA. http://www.sedac.ciesin-columbia-edu/tg/guide_maiin.jsp Accessed on December 15, 2010.
Dudgeon, D. 2000. THE Ecology of Tropical Asian Rivers and Streams In Relation To Biodivesty Conservation. Annual Reviews Environ. Resource 31: 239-263.
EFAP. 1992. Ethiopian forestry action Program. The Challenge for Development: (final draft), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
EFAP. 1993. Ethiopian forestry action Program. The Challenge for Development: (First draft), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAO. 1993. Food and Agriculture Organization. Forest Resources Assessment 1990: Tropical Countries. FAO Forestry Papers 112. Rome, Italy.
FAO. 1999. Food and Agriculture Organization. FAO Production Year Book 1999. Vol. 53. Rome, Italy.
FAO. 2001. Food and Agriculture Organization. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000: Main Report. FAO Forestry Paper 140. Rome, Italy.
Geist, H. J. and Lambin, E. F. 2002. Proximate causes and Underlying Driving Forces of Tropical Deforestation. Bioscience 52 (2).
Getachew H., Mohammed A. and Abule E. 2010. Land use/Cover dynamics and its implications since the 1960s in the Borana rangelands of Southern Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 22 (7)
Gessesse Dessie 2007Forest Decline in South Central Ethiopia Extent, history and process. Doctoral dissertation. Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology. Stockholm University, Sweden
Gete Z. 2000. Landscape dynamics and soil erosion processes modelling in the north-western Ethiopia highlands. Africa studies series A16, University of Berne, Berne.
Gete Z. and H. Hurni. 2001. Implications of Land Use and Land Cover dynamics for mountain resource degradation in the northwestern Ethiopian highlands. Mountain Research and Development 21: 184-191.
Girma T. Saleem, M. Abyie A. and Wagnew, A. 2002. Impact of Grazing on Plant Species Richness, Plant Biomass, Plant Attribute and Soil Physical and Hydrological Properties of Vertisol in East African a Highlands. Environmental management 29 (2): 279-289.
Girmay K. 2003. GIS based analysis of landuse/land cover, land degradation and population changes: A study of Boru Metero area of south Wello, Amhara Region, MA Thesis, Department of Geography, Addis Ababa University.
http://www.Ethiopian Forest Information.mhtAccessed on December 15, 2010.
Kebrom T. 1999. Land degradation problems and their implications for food shortage in south wello, Ethiopian environmental management 23 (4); 419-427.
Kebrom T. and Hedlund, L. 2000. Land cover changes between 1958 and 1986 in Kalu District, southern Wello, Ethiopia. Mountain Research and Development 20: 42-51.
James R. Anderson, Ernest E. Hardy, John T. Roach, and Richard E. Witmer. 1976. A Land Use and Land Cover Classification System for Use with Remote Sensor Data. Geological Survey Professional Paper 964. Washington. United States Government America.
Janetos A. C. and Justice C. O. 2000. Land covers global productivity: a measurement strategy for the NASA programme. Int.j.remote sensing, Vol. 21, no. 6 & 7, 1491-1512.
Lambin, E. F. and Geist, H. J. 2003. Dynamics of Land Use and Land Cover Change In Tropical Regions. Annual Reviews Environ. Resource 28: 205-241.
Lambin, E. F and Geist, H. J. 2003. Global land-use and land-cover change: what have we learned so far? Global Change News Letter (46): 27- 30.
Lambin, E. F., Geist, H. J., and Lepers, E. 2003. Dynamics of Land Use and Land Cover Change In Tropical Regions. Annual Reviews Environ. Resource 28: 205-241.
Lambin, E. F., Turner, B. L., Geist, H. J., Agbola, S. B., Angelsen, A., Bruce, J. W., Coomes, O. T. 2001. The causes of land-use and land-cover change: moving beyond the myths. Global Environ. Change 11, 261–269.
Meyer W. B. 1995. Past and Present Land-use and Land-cover in the U.S.A. Consequences. p. 24-33.
Million B. 2002. The Status of National Forest Areas in South-Western Ethiopia. (Final draft). Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Ministry of Water Resources. 1997. Abay River Basin Integrated Development Master Plan Project. Final Report and Maps, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Muluneh W. 1994. Poulation pressure, land use change and patterns of agricultural productivity in Ezan wellenc and Cheha Wereda’s sabat-bet Gurghe land MSc thesis. Addis Ababa University department of Geography, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Muluneh W. 2003. Impact of population pressure on land use and land cover changes, agricultural system and income diversification in west Gurague land, Ethiopia. PhD dissertation. Norwegian university of science and technology (NTNU). Trondheim.
Nyssen, J., poesen, J., Moeyersons. J., Deckers, J., Hailu H, A. 2004. Human impact on the environment on the Ethiopian and Eritrean high lands- a state of the art. Earth-science reviews 64: 273-320.
Reid, R. S., Kruska, R. L., Muthui, N., Taye, A., Wotton, S., Wilson, C. J. and Woudyalew M. 2000. Land-use and land-cover dynamics in response to changes in climatic, biological and socio-political forces: the case of southwestern Ethiopia. Landscape Ecology 15: 339-355.
Reusing M. 2000. Change Detection Of Natural High Forests In Ethiopia Using Remote Sensing And Gis Techniques. International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Vol. XXXIII, Part B7. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Sege, C. 1994. Population and Income. A Global perspective. pp 263-285. Cambridge university press: Cambridge.
Selamyihun K. 2004. Using Eucalyptus for soil and water conservation on the highland Vertisols of Ethiopia. Ph.D. Thesis. Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
Solomon A. 1994. Land use dynamics, soil degradation and potential for sustainable use in Metu area, Illubabor Region, Ethiopia. African Studies Series No. A 13. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Berne, Switzerland.
Solomon A. 2005. Land-use and land-cover change in headstream of Abbay watershed, Blue Nile basin M.Sc thesis. Addis Ababa University. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Seto, K. C., Woodcock, C. E., Song, C., Huang, X., Lu, J., Kaufmann, R. K. 2002. Monitoring land use change in the Pearl River Delta using Landsat TM. International. Journal of Remote Sensing, 23, (10).
Turner II, B. L. and Meyer, B. L. 1994. Global land use and land cover change: An overview. In Meyer, W. B. &. Turner B. L. II (Eds) Changes in land use and land cover: A global perspective: 3-10. Cambridge University Press.
Turner II, B. L., Meyer, W. B., and Skole, D. L. 1994. Global land-use/land-cover change: towards an integrated program of study. Ambio, 23, 91–95.
Turner, B. L, Moss, R. H., and Skole, D. L. 1993. Relating land use and global land cover change: A proposal for an IGBP-HDP core project. Report from the IGBP-HDP working group on land use/land cover change. Joint Publication of the IGBP No. 24 and HDP No, 5. Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm.
Turner II B. L., Skole D, Sanderson S, Fischer G, Fresco L, Leemans R. 1995. Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Science/Research Plan. IGBP Report No. 35 and HDP Report No. 7. IGBP, Stockholm.
Williams, M. 1994. Forest and tree cover. A global perspective. pp 97-124. Cambridge university press.
Woldeamlak B. 2002. Land cover dynamics since the 1950s in Chemoga watershed, Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia. Mountain Research and Development 22 (3): 263–269.
Vancker, V. Govers, G. Barros, S. Poesen, J. and Deckers, J. 2003. The effect of short term socio economic and demographic change on land use dynamics and its corresponding geomorphic response with relation to water erosion in a tropical mountainous attachment, Ecuador. Landscape ecology 18: 1-15.
ZHANG D.-S., X.-Y. L., Y.-J. M., H.-Y. X., AND. WANG J.-H. 2009. Impact of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Environmental Degradation in Lake Qinghai Watershed, Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Land degradation & development Land Degrad. Develop. 20: 69–83.
Browse journals by subject