Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2016, Page: 79-87
Valuation of Provisioning Ecosystem Services and Utilization in Three Rural Communities of Ghana
George Asamoah, Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Marshall University College, Accra, Ghana
Edward D. Wiafe, Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Management, Presbyterian University College, Akropong - Akuapem, Ghana
Received: Jul. 5, 2016;       Accepted: Jul. 15, 2016;       Published: Aug. 6, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160103.13      View  2749      Downloads  92
Abstract
Benefits to ecosystem services may be identified and achieved through their quantification and valuation. The objectives of this study were to map the provisioning ecosystem services and determine the values of these services to the local community members. The study took place at Ejisu-Juaben district of Ghana which is endowed with forests, water bodies, minerals, plants and animals. The study used Participatory Geographic information systems (PGIS) as a tool in valuing ecosystem services in Ejisu-Juaben districts of Ghana. The valuation was carried out based on the construction preference method that sought to assign values to ecosystem services and places where they collect these services. It was indicated that forest holds lots of the key ecosystem services followed by fallow, farmland and grass. The most important ecosystem services listed by both low and high income groups in all study communities were mushroom, medicinal plants, bush meat, snails, honey, food (fruits), fuel wood, water and cane. Low income group use the ecosystem services more for commercial purposes and less for domestic usage across the study communities in contrast to the high income group, who use more for domestic purposes than for commercial purposes. The results mean that the low income groups’ livelihoods depend more on income generated from selling the ecosystem services whilst the high income group may have other alternative sources of income in addition to the ecosystem services provision.
Keywords
Ecosystem Services, Participatory GIS, Valuation, Communities
To cite this article
George Asamoah, Edward D. Wiafe, Valuation of Provisioning Ecosystem Services and Utilization in Three Rural Communities of Ghana, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2016, pp. 79-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160103.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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