Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2017, Page: 69-78
Traditional Uses of Miombo Woodland Tree Species in Sikonge District, Tanzania
Fadhili Hamza Mgumia, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
Juvenal Nkonoki, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
John Safari, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
Received: Apr. 11, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 28, 2017;       Published: Jun. 27, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20170204.11      View  1817      Downloads  99
Abstract
Traditional use of Miombo woodland plants was investigated in Ugunda Forest Reserve in Sikonge District, Tanzania. Collaborative Field Work and Focus Group Discussions were used to generate information on uses of Miombo woodlands. Findings showed that local communities derived various goods and services from Miombo woodlands. Out of 106 plants recorded, 74species were found to provide multiple uses to the local communities. These species provided 18 forest products/services. The major categories of uses were food plants (62.2%), handcraft plants (56.8%), domestic plants (47.3%). Further, results revealed that the Miombo woodlands provided 72.2% of Non- Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) compared with 27.8% of Timber Forest Products (TFPs). This study has demonstrated that impact of utilization decrease with increase of distance from the settlement suggesting high dependence of forest resources by local communities surrounding Ugunda Forest Reserve. However, conversion of Miombo woodlands to short-duration crop lands and harvesting woods for curing tobacco and charcoal making are the major threats to the woodland resources. Efforts are needed to promote best practices of forest management that will ensure sustainable supply of forest products and services. Promoting practices that enhance judicious use of NTFPs, which is known to be less destructive to forest ecosystem, would particularly result into long term benefits on both NTFPs and TFPs.
Keywords
Miombo, Plant Uses, Ethno-botany, Tanzania
To cite this article
Fadhili Hamza Mgumia, Juvenal Nkonoki, John Safari, Traditional Uses of Miombo Woodland Tree Species in Sikonge District, Tanzania, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 69-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20170204.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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