Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2018, Page: 19-23
The Effect of Ripe Plantain Peels Waste on the Phytoextraction of Pb and Cd by Echinochloa colona (L.) Link
Amadi Noble, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Franklin Banakuna Godson Tanee, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Julian Osuji, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Arthur Jarvis University, Calabar, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 4, 2017;       Accepted: Dec. 29, 2017;       Published: Jan. 19, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20180301.13      View  1600      Downloads  94
Abstract
This research work was to investigate the effect of plantain peels of various concentrations to induce the bioaccumulation of Pb and Cd in Echinochloa colona planted in heavy metal contaminated soil. Two (2) kilograms of homogenous heavy metal contaminated soil composite was weighed into polythene bags arranged in 4 batches (1, 2, 3, 4) alongside uncontaminated soil (batch 5) of 12 replications each. Then 100g, 200g and 300g of the powdered ripe plantain peels (waste) was added as amendment into batches 1, 2, 3, respectively, and batches 4 and 5 were without plantain peel (0g) addition designated as control and double control respectively. Two seedlings of Echinochloa colona was transplanted from the nursery into all the batches. The plant and soil samples were analyzed at two month interval for Cd and Pb contents using anatomical absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The accumulation of Pb was higher in plants than in soil with Bioaccumulation factor > 1 in 200g and 300g plantain peel treated soil. Also 300g plantain peels treated soil had greater Cd concentration in shoot than root with (translocation factor (TF) > 1) at month 2 and 4, while the Bioaccumulation factor > 1 was observed in all treatments at 2 and 4 month for Cd. Therefore, 300g plantain peels treatment is effective in enhancing the availability, mobility and uptake of Cd. This indicated that 300g plantain peel (waste) is effective in the remediation of Cd polluted soil using Echinochloa colona as a remediating agent.
Keywords
Phytoextraction, Echinochloa colona, Plantain Peels, Contamination, Metals
To cite this article
Amadi Noble, Franklin Banakuna Godson Tanee, Julian Osuji, The Effect of Ripe Plantain Peels Waste on the Phytoextraction of Pb and Cd by Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018, pp. 19-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20180301.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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